Six key points to control the printing cost of packaging box
Now the packaging and printing industry has entered the era of low profit, and the manufacturer information will face great challenges. At this time, the packaging and printing enterprises will be abandoned by the times if they manage according to the previous extensive mode. At this time, they should adopt a refined management and control mode in cost management. Below, we will briefly describe the cost control from several aspects.
1. Timely and moderately improve the qualified rate of final products
The qualification rate of final products represents the conversion rate from raw materials to final products in an enterprise's production process. It is a key data development history. The higher the qualification rate, the higher the conversion rate from raw materials to final products, which means that more products can be produced with the same raw materials compared with the lower qualification rate, Naturally, it can also create higher profits.
It seems to be a good idea to improve the final product qualification rate, but it is not so simple in practical operation, because the final product qualification rate of any enterprise is closely related to the relevant management, equipment operation rate, staff technical level, personnel quality and many other factors of the enterprise, Moreover, the improvement of the qualification rate of final products in the enterprise should also adopt a step-by-step development model, which can not be achieved overnight. After all, this is a work that needs to practice hard, but once implemented, it will inject vitality for sustainable development into the development of the enterprise.
2. Improve the utilization rate of raw materials
Just improving the qualified rate of the final product does not mean that the cost has been effectively reduced. For example, if a single sheet is printed on paper of the same size and printed with high fidelity, if the first scheme is printed at 28 Kai per page, the qualified rate of the final product reaches 98%; In the second scheme, the printing is 30 pages per page, and the qualified rate of the final product reaches 96.5%. If 500000 products are printed, the first scheme will consume about 18222 sheets of paper, and the post printing equipment will consume about 17272 sheets of paper in the second scheme. It can be seen that although the qualified product rate of the second scheme is low, the consumption is not high. Therefore, the concept of paper utilization rate is introduced. If the paper utilization rate is improved, the paper will be used effectively and to the greatest extent, so as to ensure that more products will be obtained by investing the same paper.
The setting of paper utilization rate should be measured before the production of each single product. On the premise of meeting the production and not affecting the product quality, the paper utilization rate should be improved as much as possible. The specific measures are to remove or reduce the knife drawing between each trademark and other final products as much as possible Reduce the white paper edge around each page... Reasonably and effectively improving the paper utilization rate will make a great contribution to reducing the cost, and binding and improving the two indicators of paper utilization rate and qualified rate together will truly implement the cost reduction work.
Through the understanding of the utilization rate of paper, we can completely bypass the analogy, introduce the concept of utilization rate in the use of raw materials, that is, strive to improve the utilization rate of layout and ink in actual production, and work hard on the use indicators of raw materials, so as to avoid excessive intangible waste in production
3. Standardized operation
Whether we want to improve the qualification rate of final products or the utilization rate of raw materials, digital publishing is inseparable from the sharp weapon of standardized operation, because standardized operation can eliminate and avoid various bad habits in daily production, so as to fundamentally avoid the generation of a large number of waste products and reduce the probability of the existence and occurrence of hidden dangers in related quality and equipment, Avoid excessive useless work in production due to the influence of such problems, and ensure the safety of packaging, which will promote the production to a certain extent.
Due to the constraints of standardized operation, the majority of operators will develop the habit of saving in daily life, so as to form the effect of reducing the actual cost. For example, offset printing requires employees to achieve deep ink and light printing in production, pursue small water volume and small ink volume printing, which can ensure that the ink utilization rate is maintained at a high level. In addition, due to the restriction of less and more ink addition methods, the probability of ink over emulsification in long-term printing can be avoided and waste can be reduced to a certain extent. It can be seen that the standardized operation has made due contributions to the cost reduction imperceptibly. In addition, the constraints of the standardized operation on the majority of operators ensure the establishment of good operation habits in production, and the contribution of this credit is immeasurable.
4. Improve the production efficiency of printing plant
Don't underestimate the role of production efficiency in cost control, because higher production efficiency can meet the need to produce more products in the same production time, and can bring many benefits, such as saving energy consumption, reducing working hours and so on. However, improving production efficiency is not endless, and it also needs a certain premise. First of all, before improving production efficiency, ensure the normal operation of the equipment, observe the operation habits of employees, avoid the habitual color sequence that affects the operation, and strive to promote standardized operation. We should improve the ways and methods that restrict the improvement of production efficiency, and make certain transformation of the equipment when necessary.
Improving production efficiency can indeed reduce costs, but improving production efficiency should be based on ensuring product quality, because good product quality in turn will promote the improvement of production efficiency. It can be seen that the improvement of production efficiency is not an isolated event. It should develop together with many factors such as product quality, qualification rate, raw material utilization rate and so on.
5. Unify raw material specifications
In terms of actual production, we often find that the specifications of raw materials such as paper are diverse. Due to the diversity of raw materials, the procurement cost is naturally increased (because each raw material cannot be purchased in bulk, the natural price is relatively higher), and the inventory cost (the warehouse area must be larger) standard and certification are also increased, The diversity of raw materials will also have a certain impact on production efficiency and product quality, because with the adoption of products from multiple suppliers such as paper and ink, it is inevitable that the similarities and differences of raw materials will lead to continuous adjustment in production, which will reduce production efficiency and affect the quality consistency of final products.
It can be seen that allowing a variety of raw material specifications will also bring inconvenience to the cost control work. We should make a comprehensive calculation on the raw material specifications and the utilization rate of raw materials, so as to find out the breakeven point, and then try to unify the raw material specifications as much as possible, so as to contribute to reducing the cost.
6. Quantitative production
The quantitative production mentioned here is actually a comprehensive analysis of production costs, statistics, calculation and analysis of raw materials such as paper, ink and plate, as well as various production costs such as production hours, power consumption and water consumption, and on this basis, individual consumption and comprehensive consumption are allocated to each final product, Then, according to these consumption, analyze the equipment, operation habits, production process, raw material utilization rate and final product qualification rate one by one, so as to formulate standards and objectives, find out the gap, and then achieve the purpose of reducing consumption by improving production efficiency, final product qualification rate, raw material utilization rate, promoting standardized operation and improving equipment.